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SMAD/FHA domain superfamily

SCOP classification
Root:   SCOP hierarchy in SUPERFAMILY [ 0] (11)
Class:   All beta proteins [ 48724] (174)
Fold:   SMAD/FHA domain [ 49878]
Superfamily:   SMAD/FHA domain [ 49879] (4)
Families:   SMAD domain [ 49880] (4)
  FHA domain [ 49885] (11)
  Interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), transactivation domain [ 101630]
  EssC N-terminal domain-like [ 141143]


Superfamily statistics
Genomes (1,762) Uniprot 2018_03 genome PDB chains (SCOP 1.75)
Domains 17,190 79,873 38
Proteins 16,412 75,224 37


Functional annotation
General category Regulation
Detailed category DNA-binding

Document:
Function annotation of SCOP domain superfamilies

Enzyme Commission (EC)

(show details)
EC termFDR (all)SDEO levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Enzyme Commission (EC)Oxidoreductases0.1289Least InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Protein-serine/threonine kinases0.000000000000007375Moderately InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)Acting on paired donors, with incorporation or red0.00000000823Moderately InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)With NADH or NADPH as one donor, and incorporation0.000000000001841InformativeDirect

Document: EC annotation of SCOP domains

Disease Ontology (DO)

(show details)
DO termFDR (all)SDDO levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Disease Ontology (DO)disease by infectious agent0.0003222Moderately InformativeDirect
Disease Ontology (DO)genetic disease0.03816Moderately InformativeInherited
Disease Ontology (DO)autosomal dominant disease0.0006953InformativeDirect

Document: DO annotation of SCOP domains

Human Phenotype (HP)

(show details)
HP termFDR (all)SDHP levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Phenotypic Abnormality (PA)Abnormality of the head0.09727Least InformativeInherited
Phenotypic Abnormality (PA)Abnormality of nervous system morphology0.1265Least InformativeInherited
Phenotypic Abnormality (PA)Abnormal oral cavity morphology0.1914Moderately InformativeInherited
Phenotypic Abnormality (PA)Abnormality of upper lip0.1089InformativeInherited
Phenotypic Abnormality (PA)Abnormal peripheral myelination0.0009572Highly InformativeDirect
Phenotypic Abnormality (PA)Cleft upper lip0.06736Highly InformativeInherited

Document: HP annotation of SCOP domains

Mouse Phenotype (MP)

(show details)
MP termFDR (all)SDMP levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)cellular phenotype0.052Least InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)mortality/aging0.1458Least InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)immune system phenotype0.2906Least InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)cardiovascular system phenotype0.4447Least InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)hematopoietic system phenotype0.4816Least InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)neoplasm0.001886Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal blood cell morphology/development0.007943Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)embryo phenotype0.02691Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal metabolism0.05209Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal blood cell morphology0.07498Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal digestive system morphology0.1215Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal leukocyte physiology0.1409Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal cell morphology0.1509Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal mononuclear cell morphology0.1544Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal immune serum protein physiology0.2099Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal professional antigen presenting cell physiology0.24Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)reproductive system phenotype0.2517Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal induced morbidity/mortality0.2563Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal cardiovascular system physiology0.3002Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal gland morphology0.5741Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal hematopoietic cell number0.7729Moderately InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)increased gland tumor incidence0.0001681InformativeDirect
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)increased carcinoma incidence0.0002104InformativeDirect
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)chromosomal instability0.0002907InformativeDirect
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal response to radiation0.002797InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal germ cell morphology0.009746InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal B cell differentiation0.01162InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal interferon secretion0.03847InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal extraembryonic tissue morphology0.0655InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal sensitivity to induced morbidity/mortality0.08249InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal internal female genitalia morphology0.1202InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal female reproductive gland morphology0.1999InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal embryo development0.225InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal fertility/fecundity0.4067InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)hemorrhage0.691InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)increased gonad tumor incidence0.000001965Highly InformativeDirect
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal germ layer development0.000006078Highly InformativeDirect
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal embryonic epiblast morphology0.00002556Highly InformativeDirect
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal cumulus expansion0.00002691Highly InformativeDirect
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)decreased interferon-alpha secretion0.0001579Highly InformativeDirect
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal digestive system development0.000429Highly InformativeDirect
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)abnormal oocyte number0.00043Highly InformativeDirect
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)absent primordial germ cells0.0007203Highly InformativeDirect
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)premature aging0.00449Highly InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)decreased dendritic cell number0.005518Highly InformativeInherited
Mammalian Phenotype (MP)internal hemorrhage0.3395Highly InformativeInherited

Document: MP annotation of SCOP domains

Worm Phenotype (WP)

(show details)
WP termFDR (all)SDWP levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Worm Phenotype (WP)organism behavior variant0.0005532Least InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)organ system morphology variant0.003827Least InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)organism environmental stimulus response variant0.005246Least InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)nervous system morphology variant0.00003936Moderately InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)pericellular component development variant0.001939Moderately InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)chemical response variant0.05696Moderately InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)organism segment morphology variant0.07333Moderately InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)feeding behavior variant0.2743Moderately InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)movement variant0.6597Moderately InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)velocity of movement variant0.0001679InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)aldicarb response variant0.0007671InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)male morphology variant0.0017InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)localized movement variant0.003541InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)tail morphology variant0.00522InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)body posture variant0.01077InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)forward locomotion variant0.01116InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)sensillum morphology variant0.02613InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)foraging behavior variant0.05082InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)locomotor coordination variant0.05443InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)body length variant0.5012InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)locomotion reduced0.7868InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)cuticle development variant0.0000008999Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)cuticle physiology variant0.000003013Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)male nervous system development variant0.0000181Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)social behavior variant0.00002125Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)short0.00002544Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)roaming variant0.00004069Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)coiling frequency0.00005481Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)forward locomotion decreased0.00006044Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)body posture amplitude variant0.0001024Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)male tail morphology variant0.0001047Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)backward point velocity variant0.0001052Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)nose movement variant0.0001895Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)amplitude of sinusoidal movement variant0.000223Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)frequency of body bend variant0.0002495Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)male nervous system morphology variant0.0002553Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)dauer development variant0.0004326Highly InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)path curvature variant0.06293Highly InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)body posture wavelength variant0.3855Highly InformativeInherited

Document: WP annotation of SCOP domains

Fly Phenotype (FP)

(show details)
FP termFDR (all)SDFP levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Fly Phenotype (FP)increased mortality0Least InformativeDirect
Fly Phenotype (FP)decreased occurrence of cell division0.00005341Highly InformativeDirect

Document: FP annotation of SCOP domains

Fly Anatomy (FA)

(show details)
FA termFDR (all)SDFA levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Fly Anatomy (FA)larva0Least InformativeDirect
Fly Anatomy (FA)multi-tissue structure0.08475Least InformativeInherited
Fly Anatomy (FA)anterior-posterior subdivision of organism1Least InformativeInherited
Fly Anatomy (FA)stem cell0.01211Moderately InformativeInherited
Fly Anatomy (FA)thoracic segment0.04691Moderately InformativeInherited
Fly Anatomy (FA)gonad0.07479Moderately InformativeInherited
Fly Anatomy (FA)imaginal disc0.01538InformativeInherited
Fly Anatomy (FA)larval thoracic segment0.01594InformativeInherited
Fly Anatomy (FA)ovariole0.02503InformativeInherited
Fly Anatomy (FA)germline cell0.0735InformativeInherited
Fly Anatomy (FA)female germline stem cell0.0005854Highly InformativeDirect
Fly Anatomy (FA)wing disc0.000882Highly InformativeDirect

Document: FA annotation of SCOP domains

Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA)

(show details)
ZA termFDR (all)SDZA levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA)cell0.04523Least InformativeInherited
Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA)multi-tissue structure0.09212Least InformativeInherited
Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA)nervous system0.2094Least InformativeInherited
Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA)portion of tissue0.01981Moderately InformativeInherited
Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA)central nervous system0.06079Moderately InformativeInherited
Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA)hematopoietic system0.0000005338InformativeDirect
Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA)hematopoietic cell0.0001787InformativeDirect
Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA)immune system0.02438InformativeInherited
Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA)mononuclear phagocyte0.000000002652Highly InformativeDirect
Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA)professional antigen presenting cell0.00000000389Highly InformativeDirect
Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA)intermediate cell mass of mesoderm0.0000006443Highly InformativeDirect
Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA)floor plate0.00003128Highly InformativeDirect
Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA)embryonic structure0.2521Highly InformativeInherited

Document: ZA annotation of SCOP domains

Xenopus Anatomy (XA)

(show details)
XA termFDR (all)SDXA levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)trunk0.1627Least InformativeInherited
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)tissue0.3318Least InformativeInherited
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)cavitated compound organ0.767Least InformativeInherited
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)viscus0.1462Moderately InformativeInherited
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)cardiovascular system0.004198InformativeInherited

Document: XA annotation of SCOP domains

Arabidopsis Plant Ontology (AP)

(show details)
AP termFDR (all)SDAP levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Plant structure DEvelopment stage (PDE)F mature embryo stage0Least InformativeDirect

Document: AP annotation of SCOP domains

Enzyme Commission (EC)

(show details)
EC termFDR (all)SDEC levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Enzyme Commission (EC)Transferring phosphorus-containing groups0.1038Least InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Hydrolases0.1414Least InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Oxidoreductases0.5912Least InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Lyases1Least InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Protein-serine/threonine kinases0.000000000001001Moderately InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)Acyltransferases0.00000001265Moderately InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)Carbon-oxygen lyases0.4673Moderately InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)RING-type E3 ubiquitin transferase0InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)Non-specific serine/threonine protein kinase5e-16InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)Acting on paired donors, with incorporation or reduction of molecular oxygen. The oxygen incorporate0.00000002357InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)Exodeoxyribonucleases producing 5'-phosphomonoesters0Highly InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)DNA-(apurinic or apyrimidinic site) lyase0.00005296Highly InformativeDirect

Document: EC annotation of SCOP domains

InterPro annotation
Cross references IPR008984 SSF49879 Protein matches
Abstract

FHA and SMAD (MH2) domains share a common structure consisting of a sandwich of eleven beta strands in two sheets with Greek key topology. Forkhead-associated (FHA) domains were originally identified as a sequence profile of about 75 amino acids, whereas the full-length domain is closer to about 150 amino acids. FHA domains are found in transcription factors, kinesin motors, and in a variety of other signalling molecules in organisms ranging from eubacteria to humans. FHA domains are protein-protein interaction domains that are specific for phosphoproteins. FHA-containing proteins function in maintaining cell-cycle checkpoints, DNA repair and transcriptional regulation. FHA domain proteins include the Chk2/Rad53/Cds1 family of proteins that contain one or more FHA domains, as well as a Ser/Thr kinase domain [PubMed11106755, PubMed12121644, PubMed12049740].

SMAD domain proteins are found in a range of species from nematodes to humans. These highly conserved proteins contain an N-terminal MH1 domain that contacts DNA, and is separated by a short linker region from the C-terminal MH2 domain, the later showing a striking similarity to FHA domains. SMAD proteins mediate signalling by the TGF-beta/activin/BMP-2/4 cytokines from receptor Ser/Thr protein kinases at the cell surface to the nucleus. SMAD proteins fall into three functional classes: the receptor-regulated SMADs (R-SMADs), including SMAD1, -2, -3, -5, and -8, each of which is involved in a ligand-specific signalling pathway [PubMed11779503]; the comediator SMADs (co-SMADs), including SMAD4, which interact with R-SMADs to participate in signalling [PubMed9214508]; and the inhibitory SMADs (I-SMADs), including SMAD6 and -7, which block the activation of R-SMADs and Co-SMADs, thereby negatively regulating signalling pathways [PubMed11483516].


InterPro database


PDBeMotif information about ligands, sequence and structure motifs
Cross references PDB entries
Ligand binding statistics
Nucleic-acid binding statistics
Occurrence of secondary structure elements
Occurrence of small 3D structural motifs

PDBeMotif resource

Jump to [ Top of page · SCOP classification · InterPro annotation · PDBeMotif links · Functional annotation · Enzyme Commission (EC) · Disease Ontology (DO) · Human Phenotype (HP) · Mouse Phenotype (MP) · Worm Phenotype (WP) · Fly Phenotype (FP) · Fly Anatomy (FA) · Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA) · Xenopus Anatomy (XA) · Arabidopsis Plant Ontology (AP) · Enzyme Commission (EC) ]

Internal database links

Browse genome assignments for this superfamily. The SUPERFAMILY hidden Markov model library has been used to carry out SCOP domain assignments to all genomes at the superfamily level.


Alignments of sequences to 19 models in this superfamily are available by clicking on the 'Alignments' icon above. PDB sequences less than 40% identical are shown by default, but any other sequence(s) may be aligned. Select PDB sequences, genome sequences, or paste in or upload your own sequences.


Browse and view proteins in genomes which have different domain combinations including a SMAD/FHA domain domain.


Examine the distribution of domain superfamilies, or families, across the major taxonomic kingdoms or genomes within a kingdom. This gives an immediate impression of how superfamilies, or families, are restricted to certain kingdoms of life.


Explore domain occurrence network where nodes represent genomes and edges are domain architectures (shared between genomes) containing the superfamily of interest.

There are 19 hidden Markov models representing the SMAD/FHA domain superfamily. Information on how the models are built, and plots showing hydrophobicity, match emmission probabilities and insertion/deletion probabilities can be inspected.


Jump to [ Top of page · SCOP classification · InterPro annotation · PDBeMotif links · Functional annotation · Enzyme Commission (EC) · Disease Ontology (DO) · Human Phenotype (HP) · Mouse Phenotype (MP) · Worm Phenotype (WP) · Fly Phenotype (FP) · Fly Anatomy (FA) · Zebrafish Anatomy (ZA) · Xenopus Anatomy (XA) · Arabidopsis Plant Ontology (AP) · Enzyme Commission (EC) · Internal database links ]