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Tryptophan synthase beta subunit-like PLP-dependent enzymes superfamily

SCOP classification
Root:   SCOP hierarchy in SUPERFAMILY [ 0] (11)
Class:   Alpha and beta proteins (a/b) [ 51349] (147)
Fold:   Tryptophan synthase beta subunit-like PLP-dependent enzymes [ 53685]
Superfamily:   Tryptophan synthase beta subunit-like PLP-dependent enzymes [ 53686]
Families:   Tryptophan synthase beta subunit-like PLP-dependent enzymes [ 53687] (8)


Superfamily statistics
Genomes (3,060) Uniprot 2018_03 genome PDB chains (SCOP 1.75)
Domains 21,906 162,732 39
Proteins 21,792 162,401 39


Functional annotation
General category Metabolism
Detailed category Amino acids metabolism and transport

Document:
Function annotation of SCOP domain superfamilies

Enzyme Commission (EC)

(show details)
EC termFDR (all)SDEO levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Enzyme Commission (EC)Lyases0Least InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)Isomerases1Least InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Hydro-lyases0Moderately InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)Racemases and epimerases0.6368Moderately InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Transferring alkyl or aryl groups, other than meth1Moderately InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Carbon-nitrogen lyases0InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)Acting on amino acids and derivatives0.1365InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Acting on phosphates1InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)In other compounds0Highly InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)Carbon-sulfur lyases1Highly InformativeInherited

Document: EC annotation of SCOP domains

Worm Phenotype (WP)

(show details)
WP termFDR (all)SDWP levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Worm Phenotype (WP)retarded heterochronic variations0Least InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)larval development variant0Least InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)larval growth variant0Least InformativeDirect
Worm Phenotype (WP)organism environmental stimulus response variant0.2568Least InformativeInherited
Worm Phenotype (WP)chemical response variant0.01415Moderately InformativeInherited

Document: WP annotation of SCOP domains

Yeast Phenotype (YP)

(show details)
YP termFDR (all)SDYP levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Yeast Phenotype (YP)resistance to chemicals0Least InformativeDirect
Yeast Phenotype (YP)metabolism and growth0.4209Least InformativeInherited
Yeast Phenotype (YP)nutrient utilization0.02738Moderately InformativeInherited
Yeast Phenotype (YP)utilization of nitrogen source0.0000008118InformativeDirect

Document: YP annotation of SCOP domains

Xenopus Anatomy (XA)

(show details) Document: XA annotation of SCOP domains

Arabidopsis Plant Ontology (AP)

(show details)
AP termFDR (all)SDAP levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Plant ANatomical entity (PAN)guard cell0Least InformativeDirect
Plant structure DEvelopment stage (PDE)seed development stage0.0003478InformativeDirect

Document: AP annotation of SCOP domains

Enzyme Commission (EC)

(show details)
EC termFDR (all)SDEC levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Enzyme Commission (EC)Lyases0Least InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)Hydrolases1Least InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Carbon-oxygen lyases0Moderately InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)Acting on carbon-nitrogen bonds, other than peptide bonds0.001441Moderately InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Isomerases1Moderately InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Carbon-nitrogen lyases0InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)Racemases and epimerases0.406InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Transferring alkyl or aryl groups, other than methyl groups1InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Ammonia-lyases0Highly InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)Acting on amino acids and derivatives0.02718Highly InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Carbon-sulfur lyases1Highly InformativeInherited

Document: EC annotation of SCOP domains

InterPro annotation
Cross references IPR001926 SSF53686 Protein matches
Abstract

Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate-dependent enzymes (B6 enzymes) catalyze manifold reactions in the metabolism of amino acids. Most of these enzymes can be assigned to one of three different families of homologous proteins, the alpha, beta and gamma families. The alpha and gamma family might be distantly related with one another, but are clearly not homologous with the beta family. The beta family includes L- and D-serine dehydratase, threonine dehydratase, the beta subunit of tryptophan synthase, threonine synthase and cysteine synthase. These enzymes catalyze beta-replacement or beta-elimination reactions [PubMed8112347].

Comparison of sequences from eukaryotic, archebacterial, and eubacterial species indicates that the functional specialization of most B6 enzymes has occurred already in the universal ancestor cell. The cofactor pyridoxal-5-phosphate must have emerged very early in biological evolution; conceivably, organic cofactors and metal ions were the first biological catalysts [PubMed10800595].

The 3D structure of the beta-subunit of tryptophan synthase has been solved. The subunit has two domains that are approximately the same size and similar to each other in folding pattern. Each has a core containing a four-stranded parallel beta-sheet with three helices on its inner side and one on the outer side. The cofactor is bound at the interface between the domains [PubMed7748903].


InterPro database


PDBeMotif information about ligands, sequence and structure motifs
Cross references PDB entries
Ligand binding statistics
Nucleic-acid binding statistics
Occurrence of secondary structure elements
Occurrence of small 3D structural motifs

PDBeMotif resource

Jump to [ Top of page · SCOP classification · InterPro annotation · PDBeMotif links · Functional annotation · Enzyme Commission (EC) · Worm Phenotype (WP) · Yeast Phenotype (YP) · Xenopus Anatomy (XA) · Arabidopsis Plant Ontology (AP) · Enzyme Commission (EC) ]

Internal database links

Browse genome assignments for this superfamily. The SUPERFAMILY hidden Markov model library has been used to carry out SCOP domain assignments to all genomes at the superfamily level.


Alignments of sequences to 22 models in this superfamily are available by clicking on the 'Alignments' icon above. PDB sequences less than 40% identical are shown by default, but any other sequence(s) may be aligned. Select PDB sequences, genome sequences, or paste in or upload your own sequences.


Browse and view proteins in genomes which have different domain combinations including a Tryptophan synthase beta subunit-like PLP-dependent enzymes domain.


Examine the distribution of domain superfamilies, or families, across the major taxonomic kingdoms or genomes within a kingdom. This gives an immediate impression of how superfamilies, or families, are restricted to certain kingdoms of life.


Explore domain occurrence network where nodes represent genomes and edges are domain architectures (shared between genomes) containing the superfamily of interest.

There are 22 hidden Markov models representing the Tryptophan synthase beta subunit-like PLP-dependent enzymes superfamily. Information on how the models are built, and plots showing hydrophobicity, match emmission probabilities and insertion/deletion probabilities can be inspected.


Jump to [ Top of page · SCOP classification · InterPro annotation · PDBeMotif links · Functional annotation · Enzyme Commission (EC) · Worm Phenotype (WP) · Yeast Phenotype (YP) · Xenopus Anatomy (XA) · Arabidopsis Plant Ontology (AP) · Enzyme Commission (EC) · Internal database links ]