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Amidase signature (AS) enzymes superfamily

SCOP classification
Root:   SCOP hierarchy in SUPERFAMILY [ 0] (11)
Class:   Alpha and beta proteins (a/b) [ 51349] (147)
Fold:   Amidase signature (AS) enzymes [ 75303]
Superfamily:   Amidase signature (AS) enzymes [ 75304]
Families:   Amidase signature (AS) enzymes [ 75305] (4)


Superfamily statistics
Genomes (2,888) Uniprot 2018_03 genome PDB chains (SCOP 1.75)
Domains 11,110 81,076 12
Proteins 11,021 80,726 12


Functional annotation
General category Metabolism
Detailed category Other enzymes

Document:
Function annotation of SCOP domain superfamilies

Enzyme Commission (EC)

(show details)
EC termFDR (all)SDEO levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Enzyme Commission (EC)In linear amides0.000000000002133Moderately InformativeDirect

Document: EC annotation of SCOP domains

Worm Phenotype (WP)

(show details) Document: WP annotation of SCOP domains

Yeast Phenotype (YP)

(show details) Document: YP annotation of SCOP domains

Xenopus Anatomy (XA)

(show details)
XA termFDR (all)SDXA levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)trunk0Least InformativeDirect
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)cavitated compound organ0Least InformativeDirect
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)alimentary system0Moderately InformativeDirect
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)viscus0Moderately InformativeDirect
Xenopus ANatomical entity (XAN)intestine0InformativeDirect
Xenopus DEvelopment stage (XDE)post-embryonic stage0Least InformativeDirect

Document: XA annotation of SCOP domains

Arabidopsis Plant Ontology (AP)

(show details)
AP termFDR (all)SDAP levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Plant ANatomical entity (PAN)root system0Least InformativeDirect
Plant ANatomical entity (PAN)leaf0.2168Least InformativeInherited
Plant ANatomical entity (PAN)rosette leaf0.00003242InformativeDirect
Plant ANatomical entity (PAN)bud0.0000002687Highly InformativeDirect
Plant structure DEvelopment stage (PDE)4 leaf senescence stage0Least InformativeDirect
Plant structure DEvelopment stage (PDE)E expanded cotyledon stage0Least InformativeDirect
Plant structure DEvelopment stage (PDE)F mature embryo stage0Least InformativeDirect
Plant structure DEvelopment stage (PDE)C globular stage0Least InformativeDirect
Plant structure DEvelopment stage (PDE)D bilateral stage0Least InformativeDirect
Plant structure DEvelopment stage (PDE)LP.12 twelve leaves visible stage0Least InformativeDirect
Plant structure DEvelopment stage (PDE)LP.08 eight leaves visible stage0Least InformativeDirect
Plant structure DEvelopment stage (PDE)LP.02 two leaves visible stage0Least InformativeDirect
Plant structure DEvelopment stage (PDE)LP.10 ten leaves visible stage0Least InformativeDirect
Plant structure DEvelopment stage (PDE)LP.04 four leaves visible stage0Least InformativeDirect
Plant structure DEvelopment stage (PDE)LP.06 six leaves visible stage0Least InformativeDirect

Document: AP annotation of SCOP domains

Enzyme Commission (EC)

(show details)
EC termFDR (all)SDEC levelAnnotation (direct or inherited)
Enzyme Commission (EC)Hydrolases1Least InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Ligases0Moderately InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)Acting on carbon-nitrogen bonds, other than peptide bonds0.003322Moderately InformativeInherited
Enzyme Commission (EC)Carbon--nitrogen ligases with glutamine as amido-N-donor0InformativeDirect
Enzyme Commission (EC)In linear amides0.0000000002324InformativeDirect

Document: EC annotation of SCOP domains

InterPro annotation
Cross references IPR000120 SSF75304 Protein matches
Abstract

Amidase signature (AS) enzymes are a large group of hydrolytic enzymes that contain a conserved stretch of approximately 130 amino acids known as the AS sequence. They are widespread, being found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. AS enzymes catalyse the hydrolysis of amide bonds (CO-NH2), although the family has diverged widely with regard to substrate specificity and function. Nonetheless, these enzymes maintain a core alpha/beta/alpha structure, where the topologies of the N- and C-terminal halves are similar. AS enzymes characteristically have a highly conserved C-terminal region rich in serine and glycine residues, but devoid of aspartic acid and histidine residues, therefore they differ from classical serine hydrolases. These enzymes posses a unique, highly conserved Ser-Ser-Lys catalytic triad used for amide hydrolysis, although the catalytic mechanism for acyl-enzyme intermediate formation can differ between enzymes [PubMed15595822]. Examples of AS enzymes include:

  • Peptide amidase (Pam) [PubMed15595822], which catalyses the hydrolysis of the C-terminal amide bond of peptides.
  • Fatty acid amide hydrolases [PubMed17015445], which hydrolyse fatty acid amid substrates (e.g. cannabinoid anandamide and sleep-inducing oleamide), thereby controlling the level and duration of signalling induced by this diverse class of lipid transmitters.
  • Malonamidase E2 [PubMed12032064], which catalyses the hydrolysis of malonamate into malonate and ammonia, and which is involved in the transport of fixed nitrogen from bacteroids to plant cells in symbiotic nitrogen metabolism.
  • Subunit A of Glu-tRNA(Gln) amidotransferase [PubMed12521300],a heterotrimeric enzyme that catalyses the formation of Gln-tRNA(Gln) by the transamidation of misacylated Glu-tRNA(Gln) via amidolysis of glutamine.

InterPro database


PDBeMotif information about ligands, sequence and structure motifs
Cross references PDB entries
Ligand binding statistics
Nucleic-acid binding statistics
Occurrence of secondary structure elements
Occurrence of small 3D structural motifs

PDBeMotif resource

Jump to [ Top of page · SCOP classification · InterPro annotation · PDBeMotif links · Functional annotation · Enzyme Commission (EC) · Worm Phenotype (WP) · Yeast Phenotype (YP) · Xenopus Anatomy (XA) · Arabidopsis Plant Ontology (AP) · Enzyme Commission (EC) ]

Internal database links

Browse genome assignments for this superfamily. The SUPERFAMILY hidden Markov model library has been used to carry out SCOP domain assignments to all genomes at the superfamily level.


Alignments of sequences to 5 models in this superfamily are available by clicking on the 'Alignments' icon above. PDB sequences less than 40% identical are shown by default, but any other sequence(s) may be aligned. Select PDB sequences, genome sequences, or paste in or upload your own sequences.


Browse and view proteins in genomes which have different domain combinations including a Amidase signature (AS) enzymes domain.


Examine the distribution of domain superfamilies, or families, across the major taxonomic kingdoms or genomes within a kingdom. This gives an immediate impression of how superfamilies, or families, are restricted to certain kingdoms of life.


Explore domain occurrence network where nodes represent genomes and edges are domain architectures (shared between genomes) containing the superfamily of interest.

There are 5 hidden Markov models representing the Amidase signature (AS) enzymes superfamily. Information on how the models are built, and plots showing hydrophobicity, match emmission probabilities and insertion/deletion probabilities can be inspected.


Jump to [ Top of page · SCOP classification · InterPro annotation · PDBeMotif links · Functional annotation · Enzyme Commission (EC) · Worm Phenotype (WP) · Yeast Phenotype (YP) · Xenopus Anatomy (XA) · Arabidopsis Plant Ontology (AP) · Enzyme Commission (EC) · Internal database links ]